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亚马逊云账号(www.2km.me)_Explainer - What is behind the recent surge in violence in Indian Kashmir?

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NEW DELHI - A surge in violence in Indian Kashmir in recent weeks, including a spate of militant attacks on civilians and a widespread crackdown by security forces, has left 33 people dead in the heavily militarised region since early October.

Kashmir, which is claimed in full by both India and Pakistan but ruled in parts by both countries, has been the site of a bloody armed insurrection against New Delhi since the 1990s.

(Graphic: Fatalities in Jammu and Kashmir since March 6, 2000: https://graphics.reuters.com/INDIA-KASHMIR/znvnezbzrpl/chart.png)

WHAT IS HAPPENING?

The fresh wave of killings by suspected militants appear to be targeted towards non-Kashmiris, including migrant workers, and members of the minority Hindu and Sikh communities in the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley.

On Sunday, militants shot at three migrant workers in Kashmir's Kulgam district, killing two and wounding one, a day after two labourers from northern India were gunned down in two separate incidents.

Last week, two teachers - one Hindu, another Sikh - were shot dead inside a government school in Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.

Suspected militants have killed a total of 11 civilians since Oct. 6.

WHO IS BEHIND THE KILLINGS?

Indian security officials have said that some of the assassinations have been carried out by The Resistance Front (TRF), which they describe as a front for Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistan-based militant group, and Hizbul Mujahideen, a group traditionally made up of local fighters.

India says Pakistan supports the insurgency in Kashmir, a charge denied by Islamabad. Pakistan says it only provides diplomatic and moral support for the Kashmiri people.

New Delhi has struggled for decades to dampen secessionist sentiments in what had been its only Muslim majority state.

Reasserting New Delhi's control in August 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi abolished Article 370 of the Constitution, ending the region's autonomy and removing its statehood by splitting it into the federal territories of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and Buddhist-dominated Ladakh.

The TRF emerged in the wake of the Aug. 2019 reorganisation of Kashmir, which was accompanied by a harsh communication and movement lockdown in the Kashmir valley to forestall any large-scale protests.

In recent attacks, TRF members have mostly used easily-concealable small arms like pistols to shoot at their targets.

In a statement on social media earlier this month, The Resistance Front said it was not targeting people on the basis of their religion but only those working for Indian authorities. Reuters could not immediately verify the authenticity of the statement.

WHAT HAS BEEN THE RESPONSE?

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